FOCUS ON STROKE
Stroke, also known as brain attacks, are a result from diseases affecting the arteries in the brain or those leading to it.
There are two types of stroke:
- When a blood vessel in the brain is
blocked by a clot (ischemic stroke),
which represent 87% of all strokes
- When a there is a rupture (hemorrhagic
stroke) in a blood vessel in, or leading
to, the brain
In either case, blood, which carries oxygen and nutrients, cannot reach parts of the brain causing brain cells to become damaged and die. As a result, the person may develop various deficits leading to disabilities or death depending on depending how soon the stroke victim is medically treated and the extensiveness of the damage.
Strokes can occur at any age; however, the risk of having one increases with age. In fact, one in six adults ages 55 and over are at risk of having a stroke. Overall, 795,000 people in the U.S. suffer a stroke each year, resulting in 130,000 deaths.
Warning Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the
face, arm or leg
- Sudden confusion or trouble speaking
or understanding others
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both
- Sudden dizziness, trouble walking or
loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no
It is important to know that if these signs and symptoms go away after a few minutes, that they may be a sign that a person has suffered a “mini stroke,” also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). A TIA may not cause permanent damage, but it can be a warning sign of an impending full-blown stroke, so it should be treated with same urgency as a stroke.
In all cases, when a stroke is suspected, it is important to call 9-1-1 immediately. Every minute counts!
Knowing the Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke can save lives!
What to do when a stroke occurs:
Call 9-1-1 immediately!